Sunday, May 24, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 673 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/02/15 Category Health Essay Level High school Tags: Food Insecurity Essay Did you like this example? Introduction The topic for the study conducted was about food insecurity among a group of university freshman. In past research done with college students, the participants ranged from lower classmen to upperclassmen and they were from diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. These prior studies showed that food insecurity affected almost fifty percent of the students surveyed and the participants had stated that they had noticed differences in their health behaviors and education due to food insecurity. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Food Insecurity and College Students" essay for you Create order Those students found it difficult to study and focus on work due to their hunger, especially if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t eat the most important meal of the day, which is breakfast. In the long run, food insecurity affected their school work and term GPAÃ¢â¬â¢s. COMPLETE QUESTION ABOUT WHAT IS NEW WITH THE NEW RESEARCH COMPARED TO THE OTHER RESEARCH. Although this current study only consists of college freshmen instead of the whole student body, I believe the study will find a link between inadequate nutritional food intake and negative impact on their education. Other studies were included in this research, like physical health, leisure activities and daily life items. My hypothesis for this part of the study is that evidence will show that other parts of a freshman students life affect educational progress, as well. Method This study consisted of four studies throughout the school year. 1138 participants took part in the first study, 555 with the second study, 428 with the third, and 400 with the fourth. They lived in six dorms on different campuses of a university. Out of those researched, sixty-five percent were women and forty-nine percent were from a ethnic group other than White. Self-reported data collected by the researcher was taken from web-based surveys, which took about thirty minutes to complete. In these surveys were questions about physical activity, food intake, how much sleep they are getting, alcohol intake, what they do in their free time, and how they think their mental balance is. There were also questions regarding race and culture. As far as what the participants actually did, they took surveys that took about twenty to thirty minutes and had their weight/height checked. Results Although this current study only consists of college freshmen instead of the whole student body, I believe the study will find a link between inadequate nutritional food intake and negative impact on their education. Other studies were included in this research, like physical health, leisure activities and daily life items. My hypothesis for this part of the study is that evidence will show that other parts of a freshman students life affect educational progress, as well. What statistical tests did the researchers use when they analyzed the data? In everyday English, what do the statistical results tell you? Are the results consistent with those of earlier research? Discussion There were some findings that were surprising in the study. Compared to the national rates of college students and food insecurity, the current study found the number of students suffering from food shortage to be very high. This supports my hypothesis that eating habits and impact on mental wellbeing would still be prevalent in this current research. Other studies were included in this research, like physical health, leisure activities and daily life items. My hypothesis for this part of the study is that evidence will show that other parts of a freshman students life affect educational progress, as well. The evidence concluded that my hypothesis was incorrect. The study showed that everyday behavior, such as alcohol intake, physical activity, sleep patterns, and how much the students weigh. Why do the researchers think their findings are important? Education for college employees can help assist in this food insecurity problem on campuses nationwide. This can be accomplishe d through proper training of campusÃ¢â¬â¢ employees like teachers, mental health professionals, and doctors. If these employees knew what to be on the lookout for, they would be able to encourage students as to better ways to take care of themselves mentally and physically through appropriate eating habits and ways of accessing food in their area.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
For this assignment I decided to focus on music primarily Korean girl groups, specifically for me the group I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like the most is Black Pink. In my opinion they are all good individuals and characters, however the type of music that they create is very similar to other types of girl groups such as TWICE and 2NE1. The main aspects within the types of music that these girl groups create, stems from a heavy mixture of Ã¢â¬Å"aegyoÃ¢â¬ which is a cutesy concept that over displays femininity as band members attempt to portray affection in child-like voices, features, gestures, and expressions. This form of cutesy concept in my opinion is demeaning towards women, as I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think the main body of the group should revolve around this. Another aspect IÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Since it is often seen at least within American girl groups that all members are able to sing and dance on the same level. She also mentions that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t particularly enjoy every Bla ck Pink song, for example she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really like their song Ã¢â¬Å"StayÃ¢â¬ as they appear trying to force a mature and more adult themed video itÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"too serious, and melodramatic...I prefer more upbeat and happy songsÃ¢â¬ she proclaims. As I looked more into this on blog posts and fan websites I began to see others who had the same opinions as mine and others which differed and gave alternative mind boggling perspectives. Some girls are believe it is not the girls in the girl group s faults, per se rather the producing company. It s the concept which is developed by the companies and forced upon the members. I see many comments of fans claiming that they Ã¢â¬Å"don t like the concepts but the girls themselves are very talentedÃ¢â¬ (Why do some fans dislike girl groups? para 5). Many comments suggests that fans enjoy both girl and guy k-pop groups, however sometimes the girl groups Ã¢â¬Å"act way too cute and sexy than guy groups Ã¢â¬Å"(Why do some fans dislike girl groups? para 6) this creates fans to dislike the fact that the girl groups need to act more like this in order for them to be noticed in a good or a bad way.Show MoreRelatedMy Experience At The Mirror Hanging On A Vanity1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages I walked around my dressing room patiently waiting for my stylists to come and dress me bitting my nails as I walk.Its a nervous habit of mine I need to brake.especially considering half the time there extremely dirty from them always being in dirt. I looked at the mirror hanging on a vanity in one of the corners of the gigantic room.Seeing my reflection I didn t like it.I was ugly and I knew it. Without being able to think more 3 girls came in.All of them were beautiful.The first had goldenRead MoreThe Birthday Of Legendary Pink Floyd1103 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesToday (March 6) is the birthday of legendary Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour. Gilmour replaced founding member Syd Barrett on guitar after Barrett left the band due to mental illness exacerbated by excessive psychedelic drug use. The band went on to become one of the most phenomenally successful groups in history, selling over 250 million albums world wide. Though Gilmour is mum when it comes to the bandÃ¢â¬â¢s personal drug usage, the music of Pink Floyd remains heavily drenched in psychedelic overtonesRead MoreShort Story : At The House 1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMichelle P.O.V I m in my room like damn, I really got caught, Michelle! Trey calling me, ugh! He wants me to do all this stuff for my punishment. here I come. I hop down the stairs. I want to know how he founded out. I want you to help Lacy at school every Thursday and Bruce. Oh no not them, you can t help Bruce he dumber than a door knob and Lacy ... I hate her she in Kendal little clichÃ ©, you know I hate her and Bruce really.I semi-yell Now you know how I feel when I don t know whereRead MoreMy Life After The Big Apple Essay1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmorning, and like most winter days in The Big Apple, it was snowing. Snow in New York was something that would never be called a rare occurrence. In fact it was cold almost as many days as the sun shone, but that didn t mean I had to enjoy it. I was watching the clock on the wall like a hawk, just waiting for the moment the small hand reached the 12. I couldn t wait to get out of here and go on my break. I watched the clock tick and tick as it got closer to the 7. I really wasn t a morning personRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesanother race or races.Ã¢â¬ Imagine, 5 black men. Singing a church song still faithful for hope. Chained and cuffed together. Flies follow them as they walk by in the dry hot desert. With the white oppressor behind them yelling nasty words that poison their brain. Yet they still sing and wait and keep faith. In some states like , Illinois, `Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas (etc)20% of every 100,000,000 million people are affected by racism. Compared to other countries like islam there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t racism which makesRead MoreThe Album Dark Side Of The Moon By Pink Floyd1474 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe album Dark Side of the moon by Pink Floyd is the most sold progressive rock album of all time, having sold over 40 million copies to date. With this album it helped launch Pink Floyd into stardom. The album talks about the many trials an d stresses one deals with in a modern life. The major theme of the album is the unavoidable pressures in life we all must face even at a young age and how these pressures affect us. The Album begins with the song Ã¢â¬Å"Speak to MeÃ¢â¬ . The song Ã¢â¬Å"Speak to MeÃ¢â¬ startsRead MoreDescriptive Essay About Growing Up1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Growing up was fun for me. I was the only child so everything was in my favor. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to share anything, everything was mine only. It was only my mom and me in this big house with a big-high brown front door. It had a big living room where we had one light brown couch and two chairs, and a glass desk in the middle for decoration. I had my own room that my mom and I painted pink and yellow. It was decorated with Hello Kitty all over, she was my favorite cartoon when was younger. MyRead MoreSocial Influences On Social And Cultural Context968 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesacross to the audience?Ã¢â¬ this example from the book really hit me. Once I started thinking about the statement and the questions that followed, I couldn t help but think strictly of racism and sexism out of all the isms. I thought of this video I saw on Facebook. The video started off with two babies, one black one white. They were happy and playing. They didn t see the other as white or black, they just saw a little human like them. The video went on and talked about how babies are innocent, andRead MoreWhat Causes Racism Persists?1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesracism, like trees, to live, build, and continue. Today racism persists due to the benefit racism offers the white collective, the confusion that inundates race and racism, the failures of leaders in the Black community, and the U.S. justice and police systems that disproportionately target non-whites. Racism continues because white people, the only people capable of exercising racism, benefit from it. If a system proves beneficial, it becomes habitual and further reinforces itself. The benefit I speakRead MoreAnalysis Of The Story Kwanzaa And Me 938 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageschildren see and picture racial equality. They do this in a way that many adults are not readily capable of doing, or choose not to. From the story early on we are told of a girl named Kesha who distinguishes beyond the socio-typical distinctions of black and white, when she states, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËOkay, peach with spots for you and brown without spots for me, except his one and this one on my cheekÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢ (Paley, pg. 15). In another part in the story, the author says two children, Jeremy and Martha, playing a game of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Theodore RoethkeÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ , can be quite mystifying in terms of comprehending the exact feeling of the speaker towards his father. Presumably, one would immediately notice the impression created by the author regarding the father. The first line of the poem already suggests the negative image of the father as a drunken man playing with his son. We will write a custom essay sample on My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã¢â¬Å"The whiskey on your breath / Could make a small boy dizzy; / But I hung on like death: / Such waltzing was not easyÃ¢â¬ (Roethke 30). The first stanza speaks of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s recollection of the nausea that his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s drunkenness has caused when he was a little boy. After finishing Theodore RoethkeÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, it is quite clear that the speaker implies contrasting emotions of pain and enjoyment of a sonÃ¢â¬â¢s rough dance with his father. However, despite the pain caused by the alcohol smell, he still appreciated his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts in Ã¢â¬Å"waltzingÃ¢â¬ with him for he knew it was not that easy. Furthermore, it can also be noticed that the pain that the narrator felt is directly insinuated in the poem in this stanza: Ã¢â¬Å"The hand that held my wrist / Was battered on one knuckle; / At every step you missed / My right ear scraped a buckleÃ¢â¬ (Roethke 30). Nonetheless, the contrasting emotions of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s enjoyment were implicit. Instead, the emotions were portrayed through the words that the author has chosen to describe the situation. According to Edward Byrne, a writer and English professor in Valparaiso University, Ã¢â¬Å"the poet refers to his father as Ã¢â¬ËpapaÃ¢â¬â¢, connoting greater affection. Additionally, the word choice of Ã¢â¬ËrompÃ¢â¬â¢ reflects a more playful toneÃ¢â¬ (Byrne). Considerably, Roethke made use of words which portray affection and delight towards the father; therefore, the poem consists of two different emotions and at the same time correlates them with each other. The contrasting emotions become related because the narrator insinuates that he is able to endure the pain as long as his father plays with him. The poet may not have directly expressed the enjoyment that he felt, but by understating it through his use of words, he was able to show his happiness with his father in spite of the pain. How to cite My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
What is Meant by Ã¢â¬Å"EnvironmentÃ¢â¬ ?Environment means our milieus. which comprises of land. H2O and air and other organic structures. Environment is affected by the physical belongingss of these constituents. It is besides affected by the alterations in interrelatedness prevailing between an among the constituents runing from microorganism to human organic structures ( ref: subdivision 2 ( vitamin D ) . ECA. 1995 ) National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Why is the Environment so Important?Our life-support systemÃ¢â¬â¢s is maintained by all the species that make up the biosphere-biodiversity. The endurance of all these species are interconnected and dependent on each other. Human being is besides a portion of this biosphere. extinction of one species is truly the extinction of many species and the diminution of our lifesupport system for ourselves and future coevalss. So. all the constituents of the environment are every bit of import for human being every bit good as for the other species. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh What is meant by Ã¢â¬Å"DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ ?Development is intended to convey a positive alteration for human existences and its milieus. Development may take topographic point by conveying about a alteration in policy. undertakings and statute law National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Ã¢â¬Å"Sustainable DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ Sustainable Development is development that meets the demands of the present without compromising the ability of future coevalss to run into their ain demands ( ref: Our Common Future. World Commission on Environment andDevelopment. 1987 ) National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Background of Environment PolicyEnterprises for protection of environment in Bangladesh day of the months back to 1972 when United Nations Conference on Human Environment took topographic point in Stockholm. Sweden. The conference brought leaders of the industrialised and developing states to chart an Action Plan on Human Environment. Realization of assorted inauspicious impacts on environment as evident from H2O pollution. air pollution. dirt debasement. depletion of forest resources. unplanned urbanisation. discharge of untreated industrial wastewaters. etc. and impairment of environment. Recognition of the integrate linkage of poorness. population force per unit area. illiteracy. unequal wellness attention installation. deficiency of public consciousness Ã¢â¬â have a serious hindrance to the environment. Recognition of the demand to turn to these state of affairss in an incorporate mode lead to the establishment Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1989 and felt the demand fo r an well defined national environment policy. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Environment Policy 1992Bangladesh National Environment Policy approved in May 1992. sets out the basic model for environmental action. together with a set of wide sectoral action guidelines. Cardinal elements of the Environment Policy are: Care of the ecological balance and overall advancement and development of the state through protection and betterment of the environment. Protection of the state against natural catastrophes. Designation and ordinance of all types of activities which pollute and degrade the environment. Guaranting proper Environment Impact Assessment prior to project of industrial and other development undertakings. Guaranting sustainable usage of all natural resources. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Coverage of Environment Policy 1992Environmental activities encompass all geographical parts and development sectors of the state. As such. policies towards realisation of the overall aims of this Environment Policy are delineated in 15 sectors. These are Ã¢â¬â 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Agriculture Industry Health Energy H2O Development. Flood Control and Irrigation Land Forest. Wild Life and Biodiversity Fisheries and Livestock 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Food Coastal and Marine Environment Communication and Transportation Housing and urbanization Population Education and public Awareness Science. Technology and Research 6. 7. 8. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh The policy recognizes that Ã¢â¬â Since planetary and regional environmental pollution and debasement affect the nature. environment and resource base of Bangladesh. is indispensable to hold coordinated watchfulness and undertake necessary action programme to turn to such issues. It is necessary to set about activities at local and national degree. It is besides executable and indispensable to guarantee betterment of national environment and therefore planetary environment at big. every bit good as environmentally sound and sustainable usage of resource through regional and planetary cooperation in relevant Fieldss. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Legal Framework of Environment PolicyThe policy directs to amend all Torahs and ordinances related to protection of environment. preservation of natural resources. and control of environmental pollution and debasement with a position to run into present dayÃ¢â¬â¢s demands without compromising the ability to run into future demands. Frame new Torahs in all sectors necessary to command activities refering environmental pollution and debasement. Ensure proper execution of all relevant laws/regulations and make broad dispersed public consciousness in this respect. Sign all concerned international laws/conventions/ protocols which Bangladesh considers ratifiable and amend/modify bing national laws/regulations in line with the sanctioned international laws/conventions/protocols. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Environment Policy and Sustainable Development LinkagesThe ultimate aim of Ã¢â¬ËEnvironment PolicyÃ¢â¬â¢ is to guarantee environmentally sound development in all sectors. Thus Environment policy is to supply the basic premiss to specify the ends of economic and societal development in footings of sustainability in the respective sector and in overall national planning. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh What are MEAs?International instruments that: have a end of environmental protection are concluded between a big figure of provinces or international organisations as parties concluded in written signifier governed by international jurisprudence can be embodied in a individual instrument or in two or more related instruments ( framework understandings ) National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Milestones in the development of MEAs ( cont. )Stockholm Conference on the Human Development ( 1972 ) :foremost effort to turn to inter-relationships of environment and development at planetary degree adopted first planetary action program for environment established the United Nations Environment Program ( UNEP ) accelerated development of modern MEAs: more than 60 % of bing MEAs are adopted after Rio National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Milestones in the development of MEAs ( cont. )1989: World Commission on Environment and Development ( WCED ) or the Ã¢â¬Å"Brundtland CommissionÃ¢â¬ in itÃ¢â¬â¢s study titles Our Common Future gave a clarion call for turn toing planetary environmental jobs for protecting life on Earth. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Milestones in the development of MEAs ( cont. )1992: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development ( UNCED ) . Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. Besides known as Ã¢â¬Å"Earth SummitÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Rio SummitÃ¢â¬ . Following five international paperss were signed: UNFCCC CBD Earth Charter Forestry Principles Agenda 21 National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Major bunchs of MEAsMEAs are internationally agreed environmental pacts Some are negotiated on a regional footing and some are planetary Main bunchs of MEAs are: Biodiversity atmosphere land chemicals and risky wastes regional seas and related issues National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh MEA CommonaltiesShared Goal: Sustainable Development Cross-cutting issues: Air and Water pollution. Land Degradation. Biodiversity and waste direction etc. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Strengths of modern MEAsStrengths:Turning committedness to research synergisms Increased attending to rules of safeguard and bar National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Failings of modern MEAsFailings:Lack of synergisms among MEAs Inadequate execution and coordination of MEAs at the national degree Inadequate conformity and enforcement Lack of environmental and public presentation indexs to mensurate the effectivity of MEAs Inadequate support for selected MEAs Weak Relationship with other Multinational Agreements. For exampleWTO. IPR etc. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Fiscal mechanismsRegime BudgetsMEAs can set up one of more of mandatary or voluntary trust financess. most frequently administered by the international organisations that provide the Secretariats. Budgets are proposed by Parties and approved by the COPs Development AssistanceFundss can be provided via foundations ( e. g. UN Foundation ) . bilateral agreements. private sector givers and NGOs Other many-sided funding mechanismsGlobal Environment Facility. The Kyoto Protocol climaterelated mechanisms. the World Bank. UNDP. UNEP National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh MEA ImplementationMechanisms for Implementing MEAs Ã¢â¬â Enacting Torahsordain a domestic jurisprudence that incorporates what has been agreed upon at the related MEAs Many international understandings are non lawfully adhering in nature. However. when commissariats of these understandings are incorporated in domestic jurisprudence. they become lawfully adhering in the state National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Bangladesh Position on MEAÃ¢â¬â¢sIt has signed. ratified or accessed a good figure of International Conventions. Treaties and Protocols ( ICTPÃ¢â¬â¢s ) The major 1s include Ã¢â¬â The Climate Change Convention The Biodiversity Convention Montreal Protocol on the Control of Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification ( UNCCD ) BASEL Convention RAMSAR CITES Stockholm Convention on the Control of Persistent Organic Pollutants ( POPs ) MOEF is the responsible Ministry to set about national actions under these Conventions A ; Protocols and besides to take portion in international meetings and dialogues refering these ICTPÃ¢â¬â¢s My presentation on MEAs hence shall be limited to the abovementioned ICTPÃ¢â¬â¢s. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh UN Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ) 1992Footing for ActionGreen House Gases ( GHGs ) are emitted due to faulty combustion of fossil fuel ; like gasoline. Diesel. kerosine. gas. coal. etc. The GHGs are Carbon dioxide. Azotic Oxide. Methane. Ozone. etc. They cause planetary heating. In position of planetary heating and attendant sea degree rise. Bangladesh with its low-lying coastal countries is likely to endure worst economic A ; rehabilitation jobs. The IPCC study has mentioned that half a metre low-lying rise will for good deluge 10. 9 % of our district. displacing 5. 5 million of our people. Sundarbans. the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest Rhizophora mangle wood and a World Heritage Site. will be at interest. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Kyoto Protocol to UNFCCCControl MeasuresAdopted in 1997 Industrialized states to cut down GHG emanation by 5 % compared to 1990 degree Established flexible mechanism ( Clean Development Mechanism. Joint Implementation A ; Emission Trade ) for run intoing the decrease mark 55 states. including developed states accounting for 55 % of entire 1990 Carbon dioxide emanation are to sign to convey it into force Expected to be in force shortly National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Issues of Importance for BangladeshNAPA Ã¢â¬âPreparation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action ( NAPA ) . Undertaking undertaken with aid from GEF. CDM Ã¢â¬âEstablishment National Designated Authority ( DNA ) and CDM board. Initiatives undertaken. Capacity Building Ã¢â¬âDevelopment of prognostic capacity for hazard A ; exposure appraisal. Undertaking undertaken with aid from DFID National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Convention on Biological Diversity ( CBD ) 1992Footing for ActionConserve biodiversity and its sustainable usage. Ensure just and just sharing of benefits originating from the usage of familial resources. Ã¢â¬Å"Cartegena Protocol on BiosafetyÃ¢â¬ 2000. The Protocol seeks to protect biological diverseness from the possible hazards posed by transboundary life modified organisms ensuing from modern biotechnology. Enterprises UndertakenNational Biodiversity preservation programs and scheme is presently under readying with aid from GEF. MOEF is besides implementing another GEF financed undertaking for saving of coastal wetland and biodiversity. The ongoing Sundarban Biodiversity Conservation Project is being reshaped in the visible radiation of the existent state of affairs of biodiversity preservation and eco-tourism. Programmes under the RAMSAR Convention have been undertaken to conserve Tanguar Haor. better fish resources. create room for the migratory birds and protect overall biodiversity. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Convention on Biological Diversity ( CBD ) 1992( Cont. ) Issues of Importance for BangladeshPreparation of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan ( NBSAP ) . Preparation of Bio Safety Framework and Guidelines. Action UndertakenUndertaking undertaken with aid from GEF to fix NBSAP. Coordinated attempts undertaken in cooperation with Agriculture A ; Science A ; Technology Ministry to Prepare Bio Safety Framework and Guidelines. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances ( ODS ) that deplete Ozone bed Basis for ActionTo Protect Ozone bed in the Stratosphere which act as shield for world and all sorts of vegetations and zoologies from harmful UV beams of the Sun. Global ActionProtocol enter into force in 1989. Control steps include phasing out of all ozone consuming substances in different clip frame including Chlorofluorocarbons. By 2010. the universe to be wholly free from major Ozone consuming substances including Chlorofluorocarbons. Action in BangladeshBangladesh has reduced its 60 % ingestion of ODS through Aerosol Sector phase out. State programme has been prepared for run intoing the 2010 deadline. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Basel Convention for Controlling illegal international traffic in toxic and risky wastes Basis for ActionWith weaker regulative government. Bangladesh could go the dumping land or be located in the path of transboundary motion of risky wastes.Bangladesh hence needs to take actions under the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous wastes and their disposal ( accessed ) . Action requiredDevelop national policy and regulative government to curtail the motion of risky wastes through Bangladesh. Action UndertakenTechnical aid has been sought to fix Rules under Environment Conservation Act 1995. A reconnaissance study has been completed on the coevals of risky wastes. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification ( UNCCD ) Adopted in 1994. Chiefly to battle desertification in the African states. Have proviso for anti-desertification programme in land degraded states. Enterprises undertakenUndertaking undertaken for readying National Plan of Action. Further undertakings shall be submitted to the convention secretariat based on the National Plan of Action National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Stockholm Convention on the Control of Persistent Organic Pollutants ( POPs ) Adopted in 2001. Identified 10 relentless organic pollutant chemicals. Targets control steps on the usage of these substances. Deduction for BangladeshBangladesh does non bring forth these chemicals. Few of these restricted chemicals have their limited usage in our industries and in public wellness. These are concern for public wellness. Action UndertakenInitiated a undertaking with GEF aid to do a elaborate study on the usage and designation of their possible replacements. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Recent Events that took topographic pointWSSD:World Summit on Sustainable Development ( WSSD ) . 26 August-4 September 2002. Johannesburg. South Africa. The acme took stock of developments since the Earth Summit. 1992 and execution position of Agenda 21. The result of the acme was the Ã¢â¬Å"Johannesburg Plan of ImplementationÃ¢â¬ . WEHAB enterprises of UN Secretary General 2002 ( Water. Energy. Health. Agriculture and Biodiversity ) . UN Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ) Ã¢â¬â Target for 2015Eradicate utmost poorness and hungriness Achieve universal primary instruction Promote gender equity and empower adult females Reduce kid mortality Improve maternal wellness Combat HIV/AIDS. malaria and other diseases Ensure environmental sustainability Develop a planetary partnership for development National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh Accomplishments in the Global Forum on ICTPÃ¢â¬â¢sBangladesh is presently the Chair for the twelvemonth 2002-2003 of the tenmember execution commission of Montreal Protocol Bangladesh has been elected Vice President of Seven member CBD agency in the last COP held in the Hague Role of Bangladesh as an alternate member of the Governing Council of GEF has been activated Bangladesh is presently the Vice Chair of the LDC Expert Group under the UNFCCC and has emerged as the leader of the LDCs in the Climate Change dialogue procedure and a lead member of Group 77 for dialogues with other groups. It has successfully organized a three twenty-four hours International Workshop at Dhaka last September 2002 on Capacity Building for the National Adaptation Plan of Action ( NAPA ) for the LDCs Bangladesh has been elected as the Chairman of the Global Tiger Forum for 2nd clip Bangladesh has been elected Vice Chairman of the Conference of Environment Ministers of Islamic Countries in its first conf erence held in Jeddah. Saudi Arabia. 10-12 June. 2003 National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh MEAÃ¢â¬â¢s and Capacity Building demandsMEAÃ¢â¬â¢s are the footing of national actions towards turn toing planetary environmental jobs. Therefore. the success of execution of the MEAs depend on local actions by several state. MOEF considers that Capacity Building is a high precedence for effectual execution of MEAÃ¢â¬â¢s in Bangladesh. where national attempts need to be supported and reinforced by international cooperation. Bangladesh like other developing states A ; LDCs deficiency capacities and fiscal resources in many instances to run into its duties under different MEAÃ¢â¬â¢s. MOEF is seeking its best to acquire its due portion of support A ; proficient aid from GEF and other protocol financess to get the better of the challenges faced with. The MOEF considers that Expertise significantly lies within the NGOs and Academic sectors. The Government is ever active in tapping these resources whenever required and members of the civil society have been included in the Govern ment deputations. MOEF is besides be aftering to set up a MEA Cell in the Ministry to organize the activities on MEAÃ¢â¬â¢s. National Environment Policy. MEAs and Bangladesh DecisionEfficient and just direction of the natural biological resource base and the life support systems. globally. regionally. nationally and locally are the basic rules of our Environment Policy and good as of all MEAÃ¢â¬â¢s for the precaution of our planet Ã¢â¬ËEarthÃ¢â¬â¢ . We all owe to the future coevalss for such Acts of the Apostless and workss.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
The Guardian Ad Litem Program Essay, Research Paper The Guardian Ad Litem Program represents kids who appear in the province tribunals. These kids have non committed any offense but are victims of maltreatment, disregard or forsaking. The plan is comprised of voluntaries who represent kids in the tribunals, doing certain they do non go victims of # 8220 ; the system # 8221 ; . Each voluntary works with one or more kids involved in the judicial system and societal services bureaus, going familiar with there lives, while stand foring the involvement of each kid before the tribunal or societal services bureaus involved. Specifically, a voluntary acts in the involvement of each kid in five different capacities. First, as an research worker, a guardian learns every bit much as possible about the kid # 8217 ; background ( i.e. school, church, friends, and any otherpeople/organizations that affect the kid ) . As a proctor, a guardian makes certain societal services bureaus, and any other organisations involved with the kid are run intoing their duties to the kid. We will write a custom essay sample on The Guardian Ad Litem Program Essay Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page As a defender, a guardian prevents insensitive inquiring in the tribunals that is really frequently carbon monoxide mmonplace. As a reporter, a guardian is a liaison between the child and the courts, presentingwritten reports and recommendations to help act in the childÃ¢â¬â¢s best interests. Finally, as a spokesperson, a guardian makes sure the childÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes are heard and their best interests are presented to the courts and social services agencies involved with the child. Qualifications to be a Guardian Ad Litem are: at least 19 years old; pass screenings with law enforcement agencies, the Abuse Registry, and Guardian Ad Litem staff; and have a genuine concern for a childÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare. No prior experience is necessary as each volunteer goes through 48 hours of training, ranging from juvenile justice, child development, and child abuse and neglect. Professional full-time staff are also available for volunteersÃ¢â¬â¢ questions and concerns. Time commitment will vary, depending on the childÃ¢â¬â¢s needs and the volunteers own schedule. Efforts are made to match a volunteer with time constraints with a child who needs less representation. As lifestyles and family priorities change in our society, there is a growing demand for volunteers to represent these children.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
France Tourist Industry Geography, Climate and the Socio-Political History of France France is commonly officially known as the French Republic. The country is in the Western Europe with several territories and islands. France is sometimes referred to as the Hexagon because of the Hexagonal shape of its territory. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Monaco and Spain and Andorra lie on its south.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on France Tourist Industry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is connected to the United Kingdom via a Channel Tunnel which passes through English Channel. France is the largest country in West-European country with the second exclusive economic zone in the world. It covers 11,035,000 square kilometers (Dahl, 2006). France is one of the worlds most populated country and also one of the world most developed nation. It is the country with the wordsÃ¢â¬â¢ highest life expectanc y and one of the best in terms of health care facilities as listed by the World Health Organization. In terms of tourism, it is the worlds most visited country receiving 82 million tourists each year. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the founding member of United Nations and a member of G8, G20 and NATO among other organizations. Two third of France is composed of mountains and hills. These include the Alps, Pyrenees and Vosges ranges. Mont Blanc in the Alps is the highest mountain in Europe. The capital city of he French Republic is Paris which is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most beautiful city and a popular tourist area (McKenzie, 2007). The French population has diverse origins. Many people have settled in France including Celts, Romans, Germans, Russians, Asians, Africans and North Americans. The population composition and size varies with region in France. Traditionally France used to be a rural based population but today about 75% live in cities and towns. One of the most important parts of France is art a nd culture. Many famous artists are from France with several writers coming from France. Sports are Commonplace in France with soccer being the most common sport activity in France. France is located mid-way between the equator and the North Pole. This gives France a temperate climate with some areas at times becoming either extremely cold. The Mediterranean coast is washed by the warm Gulf Stream current that provide mild winter and hot dry summers. In the mountainous regions of France, climate tends to be moderate with some considerable rain and snow (Dahl, 2006). The official language in France is French although in addition, there are more than seven officially recognized languages including Catalan, Gallo, and Tahitian among others. In addition, there are nine local French based languages which give up to 23 languages spoken in France.Advertising Looking for research paper on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main religion is Roman Catholic with Muslim, Protestant and Jewish forming the minority. The education in France is composed of 10 years of compulsory education with literacy levels being 99%. The fact that France has access to the rest of the word places it strategically to reach different markets to sell finished products as well as get raw materials for its industries (Kabundi, 2004). Dominant Economic Activity France has many economic activities which it carries on to finance its economy. Key among the economic activities is trade. France mainly relies on exports which earns it a lot of revenue. The exports are wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, pork, wine and fruits especially grapes that are used to make wine. These economic activities are agriculturally based and are mainly practiced in those areas in France that have good climate that favors agriculture. Tourism industry still remains one of the most important economic activities in France providing employme nt to many people. France, because of its moderate climate and a number of tourist attraction centers remain one of the most visited countries in the world. Every year travelers across the world come to France to have a look at the breath taking and interesting view of the landscapes and mountains. They also come with an interest of checking the museums and monuments. Because of these reasons, tourism in France plays a very central role and it has gained a lot of importance in the country. The government has taken all steps necessary to promote tourism. France is deeply involved with word economic bodies like GATT and WTO which continue to shape the economic. These bodies have impacted positively on the face of economic policies. These economic organizations have liberalized market and effects have created new avenues for trade which have promoted the position of France in the global market. In summary, the economic activities in France can be categorized into agriculture, industry, services, trade and exchange. Industries found in France include aircraft, electronics, transportation, textile, clothing and food processing. France is the founding member of NATO and has worked to adapt NATO internally and external (Kabundi, 2004). The Effect of Globalization in France Globalization is changing countries lifestyles with the pace of economic interdependence. This in other words is changing the lives as the pace of interdependence grows between developed and emerging countries. France has reaped substantial benefits from globalization. The important question we need to ask ourselves is what efforts has France done to enable consumers, workers, companies and governments reaped the advantages of globalization which it continues to reap. On trade, globalization has enabled France to reap benefits from both imports and exports. France remains one of the most competitive trading entities in the world.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Fr ance Tourist Industry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Globalization has enabled France to gain both in manufacturing and service trade which has benefited many companies and industries. Because of globalization, France continues to enjoy strong outflows and inflows. France has experienced net outflows because its one of the most attractive sites for multinationals. Multinationals are finding it particularly advantageous to invest in France given its economic policies which are sound and its strong as well as due to its political stability. Globalization has had an effect on labor mobility in France. Because of globalization, there is now greater mobility of labor. Mobility of labor is the movement of labor from one point to another. This has enabled French firm meet their labor requirements. The immigrants have provided an offsetting factor to the declining population as well as FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s aging population (Adekola Sergi, 2007). Globa lization has an effect on France in that inflation is lower. This has been brought about by more competition and lower cost of inputs. The source of these cheap inputs is from developing countries. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to note that greater demand for food and energy has pushed prices up but despite that, inflation is lower than expected. There have been net gains in employment. Employment growth has slowed down. There have been tougher labor regulations which pose a threat to employment creation in industries. The new rules on cross boarder trade will create more jobs. The other effect of globalization in France is in the issue of wages. Because of globalizations wages have gone up. The increase in wages is because of lower inflation, increase in competition and more product variety which has enhanced consumer choice. Real GDP has grown. This has been brought about by more trade resulting from opened markets. There has been an effect on technology also. Because of globalization Fra nce has experienced technological diffusion. Greater technological know-how has helped to boost trade in services and has as well allowed companies in France to access more of global technology skills of developing countries which has worked well for France (Peng, 2008). Tourism Industry In France The industry I will discuss is France tourist industry. The tourism industry in France is well developed. Tourism industry is one of the most important industries in the economy of France. France is a major tourist destination in the world. Every year travelers across the world come to France to have a look at the breath taking and interesting view of the landscapes and mountains. They also come with an interest of checking the museums and monuments. Because of these reasons, tourism in France plays a very central role and it has gained a lot of importance in the country. The government has taken all steps necessary to promote tourism. The numerous castles, mountain ranges, hills, landscap es, museums and other exiting attraction centers has led to rampant growth of tourism industry in France.Advertising Looking for research paper on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tourist coming to France each year gets an opportunity to see the beauty of France as illustrated by snow capped Alps as well as the majestic Pyrenees. One is still offered the opportunity to trek to Mount Blanc which is the highest point in the country. Apart from the sceneries discussed above one is also able to check out ten coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea in the South and the Atlantic Ocean in the West. These spots offer a very suitable site for picnics and other types of holiday outings (Peng, 2008). Tourism industry still remains one of the most important economic activities in France providing employment to many people. France, because of its moderate climate and a number of tourist attraction centers remain one of the most visited countries in the world. While in France, tourist industry also offers one an opportunity to visit the beautiful cities in the country like for instance Paris which is the capital of the country and is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. There are many museums and monuments that can provide one with an opportunity to enjoy his visit in France. These include for instance Eiffel Tower, Cathedral of Notre dam, Arc de Triomphe, Chateau dIf among many others. Tourism industry is important in France and plays a major role towards the economic growth and development of the country. About 6% of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s revenue is generated from tourism industry. Many international visitors visit France from time to time which adds revenue to the country. The growth of tourism industry has led to growth of other industries which are an integral part of the culture of French people. For example, the continued influx of visitors has led to the growth of the handicraft industry. As people come to watch the scenery of France, they get a chance to buy traditional French articles and souvenirs. Despite the fact that France gets a lot of benefits from tourism it also has to deal with many disadvantages arising from Tourism. The first important disadvantage is alienation of culture whereby those visiting the country come with their mother countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ cultural practices. When these cultural practices mix with the cultural practices of France, there is an erosion of Frances culture (Page, 2009). Culture Communication Prevailing National Culture in France French culture represents the diverse nature of the country. France is considered as the cultural centre for the world. Although the French culture has some elements of modernity, it also holds strong to the traditional values and practices. But in France, one is able to see majestic art work which all forms the beauty of French culture. The culture of French has a position for the French music. According to Dahl (2006), Ã¢â¬Å"Basque, Corsica, Brittany are the most popular traditional types of music in FranceÃ¢â¬ (p.35). Also Classical music for example, French opera and Romanticism are important part of the culture. Some dos and donÃ¢â¬â¢ts also form part of French culture. For instance one is not suppose to rest his feet on the table in France. In addition, one is not allowed to speak with food in his mouth. Also one is not expected to talk with his hands in the pocket. A person in France is not supposed to use tooth pick or a comb in public. There are several foods that form part of French culture and these include for instance sauces, soup, bread, crepes, cheese, and wine among others (Dahl, 2006). According to Fons TrompenaarsÃ¢â¬â¢ seven dimensions of culture, French culture is classifiable in seven dimensions. Under the Individualism vs. collectivism dimension France has asset of rules which govern the relationship of people with each other. The culture and value gives the do and donÃ¢â¬â¢ts. There are those things that you are not allowed to do by the cultural practices of French people. In the Individualism vs. collectivism dimension French people prefer working in a group as opposed to doing duties individuall y. There is a sense of individual achievement among the French and each manager should be keen to use this to his advantage. Under Neutral vs. emotional dimension French people display emotions using various forms of communication these include verbal and non-verbal communication. There is use of gestures to give emotions. There is need for one to understand these gestures well so as to understand the message in them. Under Specific vs. diffuse dimension, the French have a definite way in which they handle relationships. They see relationships as going on in a specific and predetermined way. Under achievement vs. ascription dimension, the French people like achieving status. They do this through hard work. French people are organized and are also very concerned about their time and schedules. They like performance and they enjoy good results of hard work. Under Sequential vs. synchronic dimension French are sequential and very orderly people who believe that each time has its own ac tivities to be done. Under Internal vs. external dimension the French believe in having total control of their environment. This is for example shown by the way they work so hard to maintain a healthy economic status (Dahl, 2006). Analysis of Communication Practices in France Communication in France is deep rooted in the culture of the French people. We have verbal and non-verbal communication in France. One of the first non-verbal communications is eye contact. Whenever eye contact is made, it implies impartiality in France. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not normally used by strangers because it can bring another meaning. Eye contact is an indication of friendly relationship especially to a waiter in a hotel. Shaking hands is another form of non-verbal communication. Handshake is important in France because ones character can be judged by the handshake. The other form of none verbal communication is the double kiss. This is important especially for two close people who are parting. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also common among family members and even among the public. French people also use gestures in their communication for instance, they count using their figures and when they are counting they begin with the thumb as number one then the index figure as number two and the middle figure as three. There is also a gesture of showing that somebody is lazy. This is done by holding one hand flat and then using the other to pull out as if you are pulling something growing on your palm as you say Il a un poil dans la mainÃ¢â¬ . There is also a gesture to illustrate how delicious something is or how beautiful a thing is. This is done by holding your figures and kissing the figure tips. After which you open your hand and toss the figures in the air. To show that you have finished doing something, you can do that easily using a gesture. What you do is to cross the arms in front of your body with your palms out then you move them suddenly out. That means that you have finished doing something. There is yet another gesture that shows that you want to sleep and to show that somebody is asleep here you put your palms together then you place your hands on the shoulder then rest your cheek on your hands. To add more weight or to stress that somebody is asleep you may close your eyes. There is yet Ã¢â¬Å"another sign that shows that one smells badly or even to show that something smells badly or is repugnantÃ¢â¬ (Dahl, 2006, p.40). This is done by holding your nose. There is a gesture associated with swearing in which you put or place your hand on top of your head. This tells that you swear or promise what you have told somebody. When you want to mean nothing you can do that using a gesture. This is done by forming a circle with you figure and the thumb. To say that you are sorry, people cover their mouth by use of either one or both of your hands. This shows that you are sorry for your actions. Light kissing is also regarded as a normal practice in this country. The number of ki sses and the side of the cheek that kiss starts varies from one region to another. French shake hands when they meet somebody and this is common especially in the business circles. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not good to slap an open palm over a crossed fist because this is generally considered a vulgar gesture. Cross Cultural Management Cultural characteristics affect innovation in France. For an industry operating in France must realize that culture throughout France is varied and to ensure cross cultural management itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to mind to treat each person with equal respect. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s safe to be formal and reserved in your behavior and expect your French colleagues will be the same. Communication can be formal and informal depending on the relationship between you. The French culture emphasizes courtesy and a high degree of formality. The chief managers in the French companies come from a select group of Universities and share a similar background (Adler Allison, 2008). New managers in the French industries should carefully study the corporate culture of the companies they are coming to manage. This is because employees come from various cultural backgrounds. They therefore range between those who are open to the management to those who keep to themselves and those who believe itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to keep quiet and execute the orders of the management. France culture allows for intellectual adaptability and readiness for change. France is considered to have minimum tolerance to change and risk. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s therefore important for the management to introduce change gradually having considered the benefits of the change if itÃ¢â¬â¢s to be accepted by the people. The fear of exposure and embarrassment brings aversion to risk. In France, failure causes long-tem loss of confidence by the individual as well as buys the others. This attitude in France is the one that the managers should look at keenly and also consider having intercultural sensitivity especially w hen conducting meetings and discussing the contributions done b y each individual (Punnett, 2010). France is a country controlled by time culture and the adherence to schedules is very important. In France, missing a deadline shows poor management skills and inefficiency. This will affect peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence. So it implies that effective cross cultural management will require that an individual have the ability to meet deadlines. When it comes to effective decisions making, the management also need to have in mind that the French have a strong cultural perceptions. Hierarchy is an important part of the French business culture. In France rank has its privilege. Decisions making normally originates from top level sometimes without consultation. The French like working in a team and well coordinated groups. They value communication within the group to be quite collegial, albeit and somehow direct. French like it when the roles in the team are clearly defined (Goeldner Ritchie, 2009). This helps people to take a greater responsibility for their specific tasks. Successful cross cultural management will depend on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to harness the talent of the group and to capitalize on it. In the area of communications and negotiations, the French prefer courtesy and degree of formality. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important in France to wait to be told to sit because may be there is a protocol to be followed. During communications itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to try and avoid cross cultural misunderstandings. French donÃ¢â¬â¢t like confrontational behavior or high pressure strategies to achieving goals. These need to be avoided. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also good to understand that the French are very keen to detail. French are happy about good debating skills that demonstrate an underlying intelligence. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not wise to be too friendly to the French because they mainly focus on their business and personal lives. In summary, in France the following points are important in cross cultural management. Individual respect/demand for authority creates tension with strong belief in individualism High tolerance of blunders on the part of management Management system is elitist and autocratic, but not familial (there is a merit based element to it) Organizations are highly centralized and hierarchical with decisions made at the top Information is not allowed to filter down below certain levels of the organization The president of a French company is not answerable to anyone and status is attributed on the grounds of family, age, education, and professional qualifications (Endy, 2004). Leadership Style The management style I would propose is the authoritarian style of leadership. This is where the manager tells the employees what is to be done and the employees in return do exactly that. Employees in this type of leadership style are not given room to decide how and when to perform their duties. The manager who is seen as the boss is the one who does that . I would propose this style of leadership based on the cultural perspectives of the French people. The organizations in France are highly centralized with decisions coming from the top. Also information is not allowed to come from the employees but instead comes from the management. Leadership style like democratic style may not work well given the culture and circumstance of French people (Endy, 2004). Appropriate Motivation Techniques for Local Workers The most important and effective means of motivating workers is providing incentive. The company can have award schemes for workers who do their work well. These incentives can take form of cash, bonus or even non-cash items. Because the French value group works, I would recommend that the incentives be given to groups and teams as well as to the individuals who perform well. The reason I fell that incentive is the best way to motivate the employees is because French are keen to detail and pay keen to minute aspects. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s th erefore in that spirit that the organization should reward them with something that they can feel. Also French have strong sense on individualism and therefore giving a reward to somebody reaches down to his personality. In addition to being given incentives, the France government can as well introduce promotional packs to the employees these promotional packs go along way to motivate the employees and feel part of the organization (Dahl, 2004). Effect of Cultural Characteristics of France on Ethics Cultural characteristics of France have an effect ethics. This is because ethics originate from values and cultures of the people concerned. For example, in a country where the culture values morals then it would be important for the industry in that country to have good ethics. In a country where culture dictates on the values then the industrial ethics must be a reflection of those values. For instance, in France the culture has an element of courtesy it becomes important therefore for the business to have business ethics geared towards achieving high standards of courtesy. A variation in ethical issues especially those dealing with employee welfare can work well for the tourism industry in France. This is where employees are let not just to implement policies but to generate policies as well. Culture governs ethics like you should not put your feet on the table, you should not also use tooth picks in public. Talking with hands in pockets is also not allowed. A fruit should be peeled with a knife and eaten with a fork. All hand should be kept on top of the table and one should not speak with food in his mouth (Kabundi, 2004). Key Challenges for the Retention and Dissemination of Knowledge The key challenge for the retention and dissemination of knowledge for a company operating within this country is first is the issue of dealing with employees from various cultures. Differences exist about what different people term as good or bad. Also different gestures mean d ifferent things to different people. In communicating with such people it might be a challenge. There will also be a challenge in retention and dissemination of information owing to the unique nature of kind of the clients it handles. Tourism industry handles unique clients from diverse parts of the word. Giving communication that has meaning to these people is a problem. The people come from different countries each with its own ways of communicating and passing message. Unifying all these people from different background to a common means and mode of communication is a challenge (Punnett, 2010). Conclusion France is a country of diverse culture and these diverse cultures have an effect on business ethics in the industries operating within France. Communication in France is deep rooted in the culture of the French people. We have verbal and non-verbal communication in France. France culture allows for intellectual adaptability and readiness for change. France is considered to have minimum tolerance to change and risk. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s therefore important for the management to introduce change gradually having considered the benefits of the change if itÃ¢â¬â¢s to be accepted by the people. The fear of exposure and embarrassment brings aversion to risk (Kabundi, 2004). In France, failure causes long term loss of confidence by the individual as well as buys the others. Tourism industry in France is well developed with many visitors coming to the country throughout the year. Tourism is one of the main revenue earners. The reason why France receives many tourists is because of its fantastic landscape and excellent scenery. France has taken advantage of globalization in that it has expanded its market reaches as well as supplying it with labor. Globalization has had an effect on labor mobility in France. Because of globalization, there is now greater mobility of labor. Mobility of labor is the movement of labor from one point to another. This has enabled French firm m eet their labor requirements. The immigrants have provided an offsetting factor to the declining population as well as FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s aging population (Punnett, 2010). References Adekola, A. Sergi, B. (2007). Global business management: a cross-cultural perspective. Washington, DC: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Adler, N. J. Allison, G. (2008). International dimensions of organizational behavior.5 Edn. London: Thompson. Dahl, M. (2006). France. Paris: Capstone Press. Endy, C. (2004). Cold War holidays: American tourism in France. Paris: UNC Press Books. Goeldner, C. Ritchie, B. (2009). Tourism: Principles, practices and philosophies. London: John Wiley and Sons. Kabundi, A. (2004). Estimation of economic growth in France using business survey data. London: International Monetary Fund. McKenzie, B. (2007). Remaking France: Americanization, public diplomacy, and the Marshall plan. Paris: Berghahn Books. Page, S. (2009). Tourism management: Managing for change. Munich: Butterworth-Heinem ann. Peng, M. W. (2008). Global business. New Jersey, NJ: Cengage Learning. Punnett, B. J. (2010). Experiencing international business and management: Exercises, projects, and cases. London: M.E. Sharpe.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Creative accounting practices and the unethical auditor - Essay Example The occurrence of creative accounting practices threatens societyÃ¢â¬â¢s trust in the profession, and also means lack of the trust in the published financial data and the profession reports that, as a result, make the expectation gap wider between the profession and consumers and interested persons. The auditorÃ¢â¬â¢s mistakes in facing the risk of the creative accounting practices, such as discovering and reporting them, leads to very public prosecution, which reduces credibility even more. The auditor is responsible for the risk of the creative accounting practices of the financial data-discovering and reporting. It will be argued that the response to creative accounting cannot just come through increasing regulation and rules for the profession. That the obstacles and the challenges that led to the failure of the profession in reducing the risk of creative accounting practices demands increase in effectiveness of the professional individual. A greater part of the response should be through seeking ways to change the individual professionalÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical and moral approach to auditing, before there can be any effective regulation. This way the credibility of accounting information can be increased and the expectations and credibility gap narrowed and trust in the profession can be strengthened. Unethical accounting or auditing can lead to destructive results for a Company. A horrible example of EnronÃ¢â¬â¢s fraud was a serious impact for employees of the company and shareholders. There were huge losses of billions of dollars and thousands of jobs were lost. Therefore, the US government made numerous attempts to prevent the occurrence of such cases. Corporate America should have changed something in their policies, otherwise failures are unavoidable. In the field of auditing it was relevant to avoid intentional preparation of the wrong financial documents. The companies very often do not pay a proper attention to ethical behaviour of their employees. Concerning